What is “whole grains”？
What is 鈥渨hole grains鈥?
Question: We often say, “People grow up eating whole grains.”
Then, what does 鈥渨hole grain鈥?mean?
銆€銆€A: The term 鈥済rain and grains鈥?is used to refer to all kinds of food produced in agriculture.
In fact, there are far more than five kinds of crops planted by ancient Chinese people. The Book of Songs and Shangshu have the saying of 鈥渉undred valleys鈥?
銆€銆€The “grain” theory, which appeared at the latest in the Spring and Autumn Period, is considered to be the five main crops and fruits that people rely on in terms of diet and clothing during the Zhou Dynasty.
“Micro-” has the saying that “four bodies are not diligent, and the grain is not divided”, “Zhou Li?”
In Tianguan, there is a saying that “five flavors, five grains, and five medicines raise their diseases.”
However, they did not specify which five kinds of foods are 鈥済rain鈥?
銆€銆€Later generations have a variety of explanations for 鈥済rain鈥?
One is hemp, glutinous rice, glutinous rice, wheat, and beans. The second is rice, alfalfa, alfalfa, wheat, and alfalfa (beans). The third is rice, alfalfa, alfalfa, alfalfa (beans), hemp, and so on.
Although the various statements are not completely consistent, the cereals mentioned therein are common food crops in the North and Central Plains.
Wheat, rice, and beans are still common foods on Chinese people’s tables; 榛?and 绋?are mostly grown in northern China. The former is sticky for cooking, the latter is not sticky; hemp is mainly used for spinning and weaving, but itsSeeds can also be eaten.
銆€銆€The term 鈥淢iscellaneous grains鈥?appears late, and can only be found in the literature of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, such as the 鈥淗istory of the Qing Dynasty鈥?
“Food and Food Zhisan” mentioned “by the Jinyun Jingmi wheat grains.”
Generally speaking, 鈥渕ultiple grains鈥?refers to various coarse grains other than rice and wheat.
In the past, only the bureaucratic and wealthy people were likely to eat rice and wheat all year round, while the average person used to eat coarse “grain”.
Today, with the improvement of living conditions, the scene of “Miscellaneous Grains” has left us. Rice and wheat have become the absolute staple food on the Chinese table.